The United States Army continued its advance towards Utah in 1857 and Brigham Young reached out again to his political friend, Thomas Kane, asking him to mediate the situation. Kane agreed and traveled towards Utah, meeting with the Army captains en route. Young agreed to relinquish his governorship to the new federal appointee and a peaceful settlement was reached, which included a full pardon from President Buchanan. However, Young and the Mormons elected to evacuate the valley rather than live under the watch of the U.S. Army. Nearly 30,000 Mormons relocated to settlements in Southern Utah and Nevada while the U.S. Army occupied Camp Floyd near Utah Lake. Within months of the Army’s arrival, Mormons gradually began returning to their homes in the valley, and an uneasy relationship was maintained between the Mormons and the Army soldiers over the following three years until the troops were called out of the territory at the outbreak of the U.S. Civil War in 1861.